In the late 1980’s, the Air Force standardized it’s database programming languages around dBase and Clipper (after evolving from Condor - ugh).  My programming endeavors began with dBase 3+ and Clipper Summer 87 and evolved into eclectric database languages such as DBXL, Force, Arago (as I always looked for a better solution). I got the most mileage out of Clipper 5.x - especially with the vast wealth of add-on libraries (Grumpfish; FunckY; Artful; Clipper Tools) that existed for Nantucket’s amazing compiler. And then Microsoft Windows exploded… Running MsDos programs from within Windows wasn’t too pretty. Endusers wanted to use a mouse and see pretty screens - something that Clipper could be bent to perform, but it wasn’t the same. I had to evolve… and I tried everything under the sun to migrate from Clipper 5.2 into the Windows arena.  Basic, Visual Basic, Visual Foxpro, Arago, Visual Objects, Delphi, Access - each had their strengths but they also had significant weaknesses. And then I befriended a longtime Clarion programmer that wowed me with how powerful it’s language was and how much it’s 4GL capabilities could relieve me from a lot of the tedium that programming involves. I bought the first release of Clarion for Windows (version 1.5) and have stayed with it through it’s current iteration (version 10).  I still tried newer 4GL database-oriented languages - WinDev being the most notable contender that ultimately didn’t meet my expectations. In my opinion, there is no finer Windows development platform for creating Windows database applications - which is what I decided to focus my programming efforts on in 1989. Click on the images below for more insight/resources for Clarion and WinDev: